Aeromedical Research Program
The Aeromedical research program addresses improved health, safety, and survivability of aircraft passengers and aircrews. There are two major program areas: (1) Toxicology and Accident Research which evaluates medical findings gleaned from aircraft accidents to improve the safe operation of aircraft; and (2) Protection and Survival which develops injury reducing materials and structures, and also evaluates survival equipment and procedures to protect aircraft occupants. Program outcomes include:
Human failure modes (physiological, psychological, clinical) both in uneventful flight and during civil aircraft incidents and accidents are identified and formal recommendations for counteracting measures are provided.
The FAA is able to develop bioaeronautical guidelines, standards and models for aircraft cabin equipment, procedures, and environments as a base for regulatory action to enhance appropriate human performance.
Pilot medical and flight histories and information from accidents and incidents are reviewed to develop new medical criteria, standards, and assessment/certification procedures to ensure full performance capability.
Assessments of flight attendant and passenger work, behavior, and disease issues are used to propose guidelines for actions to improve the health and safety of cabin occupants.